So after reviewing a number of blog posts and gluing them together to get a process down to migrate windows VM’s to Nutanix Acropolis using KVM as the hyper-visor.
Nutanix Acropolis cluster up and running by default there is an NFS share available which we will use to move the XenServer VM’s to.
Linux Ubuntu VM with QUEM installed (blog coming on this shortly) as it was the hardest for me not coming from Linux background.
Move Windows VM to NFS share
Convert VHD file to RAW
Create VM on Acropolis using Nutanix image service
Set up White list on Nutanix cluster to allow access from your workstation and the XenServer that the VM’s reside
Select Filesystem Whitelists
Add the server IP address with netmask of 255.255.255.255 to dd single server or you can add a network range is required
Select add and close
You can check access by using WinSCP
Connect to the Cluster IP address on port 2222
Username : admin
When connected you can see and browse to the NFS share
Now we have connectivity to our NFS share we need to connect it to our XenServer.
Step 2 – Connect XenServer to NFS
Select New SR
Select NFS VHD
Enter IP of Nutanix Cluster :/NFS
Note: If running XenServer 6.2 there is a known bug you need to install hotfix CTX141952 or you can add it manually.
Manually introduce SR by: ” xe sr-introduce uuid=<uuid of the directory> type=nfs name-lable=”NFS” shared=true”
– Created the PBD as ” xe pbd-create sr-uuid=<> host-uuid=<> device-config=server=x.x.x.x device-config=serverpath=/NFS ” .This will return a uuid for each host.
– attached those pbds as ” xe pbd-plug uuid=<uuid from the above command> ”
Step 3 – Prepare and move VM to NFS
Shutdown VM and take a snapshot
Before we move the VM we need to install the Nutanix-VirtIO drivers these can be found on the Nutanix web site and its always a good idea to check to make sure you have the latest ones.
Start up your Windows VM
Browse to the Nutanix-VirtIO install msi and complete the install
Note : There are about half a dozen of these drivers you can install all of them unless you know you do not require a certain component
Uninstall XenServer tools
Keep a not of IP address and MAC address as you will need to configure then when you create the new VM on Acropolis, depending on if its set manually of via DHCP
Move the VM to NFS share on Nutanix
Shutdown the VM and and select move VM
Pick the correct NFS share on the Nutanix server
Open up WinSCP and check that you have created a new VHD file
You can also verify it form XenServer Console
Note: If you have VM’s with multiple disks, you will have a .VHD file for each disk . You need to make sure that you attach the correct one to the first disk in Acropolis so that it will allow you to boot and create the VM.
Step 4- Use Linux to convert the .VHD file into a RAW file which is needed for the Acropolis image service create the VM on the cluster.
At this point you should have a Linux VM running QUEM and have the NFS share connected the the VM if not see <<blog post to be created>>
Open a terminal session
move to the director where the nfs share is mounted in my case I have created a mount point under nfs as nutanix and mapped the NFS share form the cluster
moved you to correct directory
List the contents of the NFS share
you should see the VHD file that you have just created.
Note: make sure the VM is shut down from XenServer
The following converts the VHD file to a .IMG (raw) file format
$ sudo qemu-img convert –f vpc servername.VHD –O raw servername.img
replacing servername with the name of the .VHD file created and the new name you are going to use
You will be prompted for the admin password
Enter the password
This will take some time depending on the size of your VM
Step 5 – Create VM on Acropolis
Connect to Nutanix cluster
Select Create VM
Enter the details required for your VM
Select New Disk
Select Clone from ADFS file
Enter path to image file = /NFS/servername.img
We need to add a network adapter
Select New NIC
Choose the correct NIC as you could have multiple with different VLANS configured
You are now ready to start up the VM on Acropolis
Select the VM you just created
Select power on
Select Launch console
You VM will open in a VNC window
Log onto your VM and check that the Nutanix-VirtIO drivers are in use
When the VirtIO drivers are in place you are good to go.
One thought on “XenServer To Acropolis”
This is excellent – thank you! Excited to try it out.